Below is a list of terms that you may find helpful. Simply click on a term to reveal it’s definition.

[ls_divider type=”dotted” color=”grey”] [ls_toggle title=”Ultrasound Scans”]A technique used for visualizing internal organs, assessing their sizes and shapes by using high-frequency sound waves.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Twins, Fraternal”]Fraternal (dizygotic) twins are the result when two different eggs (ova) are fertilized by two different sperm.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Twins, Identical”]Identical (monozygotic) twins are formed when a single egg (ovum), fertilized by a single sperm, divides (often after implantation in the uterus).[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Trimester”]Three separate terms of pregnancy, each lasting approximately three months.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Surrogate Mother”]A woman who bears a child for another person or couple. Pregnancy is achieved either through artificial insemination (Traditional Surrogacy) or by carrying until birth another woman’s implanted fertilized egg (Gestational Surrogacy).[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Natural Childbirth”]Generally refers to childbirth without pain relief (anaesthesia or analgesia); may alternatively be used to indicate a vaginal delivery rather than a caesarean birth.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”IVF”]In Vitro Fertilization. A procedure that involves removing eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them in the laboratory. The resulting embryos are then transferred into the woman’s (or surrogate’s) uterus through the cervix.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Intended Parents”]A couple who choose to have a baby with the assistance of an egg donor and/or surrogate mother.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Gestation Period”]The period of development of the embryo/fetus from the time of conception until birth.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Gestational Surrogate”]A woman who carries a baby that is not biologically related to her for a person or couple. Pregnancy is achieved via In Vitro Fertilization, whereby embryos created from egg s of the “Intended Mother” or an egg donor and the sperm of the “Intended Father” or sperm donor.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Gamete”]A reproductive cell, either a sperm or an egg.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Fetus”]The term used for an embryo after the eighth week of development until birth.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Embryo Transfer”]The replacement of one or more embryos into the uterine cavity.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Embryo”]A fertilized egg up to eight weeks of development.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Egg Recipient”]A woman who receives embryos created with donor eggs.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Egg Donor”]A woman who donates her eggs.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Egg Collection / Retrieval”]The procedure by which eggs are collected from the woman’s ovaries.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”D & C”]Dilatation and Curettage. It is the dilatation of the cervical canal followed by the scrapping of the uterine lining.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Clomiphene (clomid)”]A fertility drug (anti Estrogen tablet) used to stimulate ovulation.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Clinical Pregnancy”]A pregnancy confirmed by increasing levels of hCG and the presence of a gestational sac detected by ultrasound scan but no fetus is present.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)”]A procedure that involves taking a biopsy from the placenta to test the fetus for genetic abnormalities. It is usually carried out under ultrasound scan at about eleven weeks of pregnancy. The placenta has the same genetic make-up as the baby. There is a 2-3% risk of the procedure causing a miscarriage.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Chemical Pregnancy”]Pregnancy documented by a blood or urine test that shows a rise in the level of the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone without the presence of a fetus.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Caesarean Section Delivery”]Also known as a “c-section”; the delivery of a baby via an abdominal surgical incision. Most common is a transverse (or “bikini”) incision that is performed along the top of the pubic hairline. Vertical (“classical”) incisions are less common but may be required in certain circumstances.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”BPM”]”Beats per minute,” referring to the fetal heart. A normal fetal heart rate ranges from 120 to 160 BPM. There is no correlation between fetal heart rate and the baby’s gender, despite common myths.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Blastocyst Transfer”]The transfer of one or more embryos at the blastocyst stage into the uterine cavity.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Biopsy”]The removal of a piece of tissue for microscopic examination.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Biochemical Pregnancy”]When the patient’s pregnancy test is positive but no pregnancy is visible on ultrasound scan.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Beta hCG Test”]A blood test used to detect very early pregnancy and evaluate development.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Basal Body Temperature”]A woman’s base body temperature, measured at the same time each day, upon first waking up in the morning, before getting out of bed. Used in fertility charting.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Artificial insemination”]Is placing sperm into the female reproductive tract.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”APGAR score”]The APGAR score is a measurement of a newborn’s response to birth and life outside the womb. Ratings are based on the following factors: Appearance (color); Pulse, Grimace (reflex), Activity and Respiration. A high score is 10 and the low end is 1.[/ls_toggle] [ls_toggle title=”Antibody”]A protein found in the blood that is produced in response to foreign substances (e.g. bacteria or viruses) invading the body. Antibodies protect the body from disease by binding to these organisms and destroying them.[/ls_toggle]